These are the women who refer to their spouse as 'the father of my children' .. For example, reader “Procopio” from Camagüey wrote to Arce. Find Your Couple In Camaguey. Bredbeddle 3 Comments I call my boyfriend cupcake or cuppycakers. The deaths of many people who take their. and sex education that provides them with a better understanding of sexuality Polyclinic (PEPC, the Spanish acronym) in the city of Camagüey, capital of the . __Reducing the number of sexual partners reduces risk of.
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I give her a close look, as this information in Camaguey partner Sex already been burned into my memory, and say to her: I also know a lot of friends you might want to meet and might be able to help you. I was finally able to take off. Arce advertised that in these courses he would explain in Camaguey partner Sex using various educational methods: Public alarm about the rise in divorce in Cuba and the increasing public acceptance of the scientific study of human sexuality set the scene for at least thirty-eight medical students in the School of Medicine at the University of Havana to write their doctoral theses on topics such as female frigidity and male impotence.
In their theses, students reported with meticulous detail the physiological processes of males and females engaged in heterosexual sexual activity.
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It appears that the students did not conduct clinical trials or gather empirical data; instead, their theses were based on information culled from secondary sources. From the citations in their bibliographies, most of these students' knowledge about the in Camaguey partner Sex and anatomical aspect of human sexuality came from European and U. Costler and A. Willy, Havelock Ellis, A. Gregorio Delgado, Kinsey's work did not seem to have much impact on Cuban scholars at the time because it was not well-received by In Camaguey partner Sex leaders.
The thirty-eight theses reviewed are just a few of over two thousand-six hundred theses written in Havana in These thirty-eight theses fulfilled a briefly implemented requirement for graduation from the University of Havana Medical School, a requirement that was terminated in Second, the very existence of these theses indicates that some Cubans considered it appropriate for medical students to study topics such as female frigidity as a cause of divorce.
Third, the different sources that these young Cuban physicians chose to use or to disregard tells something about which sexologists and eugenicists influenced Cuban medical professionals, as well as suggests the parameters of the In Camaguey partner Sex eugenic movement as a part of a larger global phenomena. Most importantly, these texts often contained introductions in which the students relayed their personal convictions and rationales concerning the importance of these topics.
These introductions tell a very specific story about the connections students made between family, gender, and sexuality. For the most part, it appears that Chelala and Arce wrote for an audience whom they cast as married, relatively middle-class couples, i. Similarly, student physicians writing for their professors imagined the people they wrote about as married couples who engaged in normative heterosexual sex.
Thus, it could be assumed that these physicians' interest lay in dating sim Sakura sexuality of white Cubans, not of In Camaguey partner Sex of color whose sexual practices were portrayed as morally in Camaguey partner Sex by social scientists at the time and because more white Cubans tended to contract legal marriage than Cubans of color did during this period.
Their articles were printed in widespread, popular magazines and newspapers during a period in which literacy rates between whites and people of color were not too disparate.
Therefore, it is not a given that his target audience was color specific. Indeed, despite Chelala and Arce's imagined, idealized audience, their use of mass media made their work accessible to large segments of general Cuban population. From the State to the layperson: Historians consider medical pre-nuptial medical exams in Camaguey partner Sex classic example of eugenic legislation.
Chelala expressed his approval of the law but he stressed that the mere requirement of a prenuptial medical exam was not sufficient to resolve the larger goal that the law was meant to achieve: Despite the in Camaguey partner Sex public debate, the Cuban Congress did not pass the pre-nuptial law requiring that couples pass a medical exam before marriage.
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Congress tabled this proposal just as they did the eugenic projects, and medical professionals were still calling for the implementation of the requirement for pre-nuptial exams well into the s. But after the pre-nuptial exam failed to pass muster with the Cuban Congress, it seems Chelala's faith in the State had waned.
After the pre-nuptial exam law failed to pass, Chelala's tireless efforts to communicate with and teach the layperson in the lates through the s suggest his disillusionment with the State's in Camaguey partner Sex to enact eugenic-based legislation.
The debate about the pre-nuptial law can be understood as a turning point, after which a new type of Cuban eugenicist who held faith in laypeople instead of the State emerged. Chelala's in Camaguey partner Sex with Cuban legislators' in Camaguey partner Sex was apparent in his reactions to the proposed pre-nuptial law.
Within the public debate about the law, one can identify his rise of as a eugenicist who was concerned of course with the reproduction of healthy, fit babies, but who was also concerned with intimate sexual relations between married couples. While medical professionals had in Camaguey partner Sex ideas about the potential dangers of the first sexual experience between spouses, they shared a common goal in wanting men and women to reach a state of mutual sexual satisfaction.
Chelala, Arce, and the medical students depicted the wedding night as a pivotal to a couple's future and they believed that their interventions could effectively facilitate sexual compatibility and future felicity between husband and wife. According to the medical professionals, a couple's wedding night was potentially dangerous because the new bride was supposedly a virgin. In line with idealized norms and social conventions, Chelala, Arce, and the medical students wrote as if they believed that most Cuban women would not have had sexual relations with men before they were married and that most men would have had some sexual experience before marriage.
The medical professionals' stance on female virginity fit into an idealized paradigm concerning honor and sexuality for middle-class men and women in Cuba at this time. Chelala, citing other scientists, ridiculed the idea that male honor rested on the integrity of the bride's hymen. But the questions Arce received from his readers about virginity suggest that laypeople were not quite convinced by the medical professionals' arguments.
Therefore, Procopio was ready to question his wife's sexual purity. In response, Arce accused Procopio of torturing his good and loving wife in both physical and moral fashion for relying on blood as proof of his wife's moral worth.
Chelala's theories centered on his predictions finder Cambodia Fuck in the honeymoon period, especially the wedding night, was a potentially dangerous in Camaguey partner Sex for the future of the newlywed couple as well as for any child that might be conceived during that time.
First, Chelala believed that the couple's long-term sexual in Camaguey partner Sex was in Camaguey partner Sex risk. Chelala's second preoccupation with the honeymoon centered on his belief that in Camaguey partner Sex child conceived during this busy and exhausting time would not be biologically fit.
He was highly critical of the honeymoon tradition during which the married couple ran off on in Camaguey partner Sex dream vacation filled with dancing, drinking, cabarets—all activities that Chelala believed caused over-exhaustion. His theories were neo-Lamarckian at their best, postulations that the couple's physical state at the exact moment of conception mattered immensely to the health of the future child.
While Chelala's concern for the future of the couple exemplifies a new type of eugenic concern, his interest in the health of future generations was a in Camaguey partner Sex eugenic concern imbued with beliefs about better breeding. Some medical professionals deemed male sexual performance on the wedding night as crucial to marital relations.
For example, sexologist Angel in Camaguey partner Sex that a bad first sexual experience would seriously affect the couple's conjugal future. In contrast to Chelala, who focused upon the reproductive risks, or Arce, who focused on the male experience, these students were preoccupied with women's experiences on the wedding night. When several medical students wrote about honeymoons in their theses, they too stressed that a married couple's first sexual encounter was crucial to the future of the marriage.
But the medical students emphasized the potential for female trauma due to their initiation into sexual relations and the consequences this might have on the marriage. The way a man treats his wife—the way he introduces her to the mysteries of love and dominates her resistance—will never be forgotten by her.
According to Prometa, the men were responsible for the success or failure of the sexual encounter and, thus, the future of marriage was in his hands.
Because most of the medical students expected Cuban brides to be virgins at marriage and grooms to have had some sexual experience, they emphasized the active male role in couple's first sexual experience.
In the case of the husband, he, by general rule, does not enter into marriage a virgin. For many medical professionals, Cuban women's ability to desire sexual relations with their husbands was a in Camaguey partner Sex factor of sustainable marriages and stable family life.
While these concerned medical professionals thought that the honeymoon was a crucial moment in which in Camaguey partner Sex sexual relations set the foundations for marital felicity, they also paid increasingly close attention to marital sexual relations that followed the wedding night.
At the same time, medical professionals perpetuated depictions of the different ways women and men experienced sex within marriage. After the Honeymoon: Female Frigidity, Male Sexual Ignorance, and Impotence Cuban medical professionals worried for many reasons about the state of married couples' sexual and reproductive lives well beyond the honeymoon period.
First, medical professionals believed that husbands and wives who had good sex lives would stay married. Medical professionals wanted to teach laypeople to worry about these issues and to encourage them to seek education and counsel from scientific experts. Female Frigidity: An Obstacle to Married Couples' Sexual Satisfaction InAngel Arce claimed that as many as 70 percent of all Cuban women were frigid note that this 70 percent was neither the lowest nor the highest percentage of his estimation of female frigidity world-wide.
Medical professionals pathologized female sexuality, arguing that female frigidity was a part of a complex bundle of other biological disturbances. More importantly, medical professionals contended that female frigidity posed a threat not only to individual in Camaguey partner Sex but also to Cuban society in general: In several of his publications, Chelala argued that female frigidity had devastating effects on Cuban family life because it caused unhappily married couples to seek divorce. Arce believed that many frigid women faked their orgasms during sexual relations with their husbands.
Medical students also suggested that female frigidity threatened the foundations of Cuban society because it drove men to abandon their wives and families. Another message surfaced in their writings: Chelala and Arce went as in Camaguey partner Sex as to claim a direct causal relationship between female frigidity and divorce. By the lates, medical professionals were so convinced of this cause and effect relationship that the physicians-in-training were encouraged to write theses which focused on the linkages between the two phenomena.
Cubans' sexual ignorance. The students depicted legislators as in Camaguey partner Sex whose inept legislation hindered any sincere efforts to stem divorce in Cuba.
Cuban laywomen also perpetuated the idea that in Camaguey partner Sex lack of sexual pleasure would break up their marriages. They engaged in conversations about female frigidity with medical professionals but rather than demand knowledge about how to attain personal sexual satisfaction, laywomen instead sought advice about sex in terms of maintaining their marriages.
Laywomen wrote letters to Chelala, Arce, and another physician, Elvira Rey Chilia, who was a birthing instructor at the University of Havana and wrote a weekly column for the popular magazine Vanidades in the late s and early s. My husband attributes this to my indifference towards him or says that I am sick. At least those are the terms in which they couched their questions to the medical specialists.
It may also be that this was a culturally appropriate way for Cuban women to ask for advice on how to have pleasurable sex. Despite Chelala's and Arce's promotion of female sexual satisfaction, it is evident that neither woman seemed to think that she should seek advice merely for the sake of achieving her own sexual satisfaction. While it seemed important to medical professionals that they advocate female sexual in Camaguey partner Sex, they also stressed the connections between female sexual pleasure and reproduction.
Even if in print they couldn't instruct women on how to have an orgasm, Chelala and Arce were able to use the popular media to tell laypeople that women should have orgasms during sexual intercourse with their husbands. Some medical professionals directly connected female frigidity with the eugenic concern for reproduction by associating the female orgasm with successful sexual reproduction.
In his thesis, Prometa indicated that the simultaneous orgasm of both the male and female was in Camaguey partner Sex ultimate goal of sexual intercourse because it aided the conception of children. In his view the stimulation of the erogenous zones helped couples achieve this multi-faceted goal.
In their efforts to combat female frigidity, Chelala, Arce, and the students imagined a role for medical experts in state bureaucracy and they promoted and cultivated a close, private relationship in Camaguey partner Sex laypeople and in Camaguey partner Sex. First, to address the problem in general, they recommended that the government institute widespread sexual education programs, and, second, they usually referred individual women to consult with private practicing physicians.
In their publications, Chelala and Arce did not describe with much detail how married couples could have sex so that both partners were satisfied. An underlying subtext in Chelala, Arce, and the students' remonstrations and recommendations was a patriarchal reading of male infidelity and the suggestion that it was caused by what they identified as the female pathology of frigidity and not by any in Camaguey partner Sex, moral or physical, on the part of men.
By recommending the institutionalization of sexual education, medical professionals further promoted themselves as experts who could and should play a role in the education of Cuban citizens and in the development of nation. Ignorance and Impotence Arce, Chelala, and the medical students often claimed that most female frigidity was caused by several different factors: On the one hand, medical professionals portrayed men as bumbling fools who didn't know how to please women or as sexual egotists who didn't care if they pleased women.
On the other hand, they portrayed men as the agents responsible in Camaguey partner Sex satisfying women's sexual needs. Similar to the legislators who at this time were enacting laws to impose men's responsibility towards their families, medical professionals were pushing men to be more responsible to their families in a different way—by attending to their wives' sexual needs.
Female frigidity, from Chelala's perspective, was usually caused by a couple's lack of knowledge about the female orgasm and how to achieve it. The female enters marriage with even worse conditions of ignorance, aggravated by the most absurd and harmful prejudices about sexual relations.
Other medical professionals deemed men directly responsible for female pleasure. The treatment will need to be directed towards your husband…. While many medical professionals spent much time blaming Cuban men for women's female frigidity, they did not go as far to blame men for what they claimed were the consequences in Camaguey partner Sex women's lack of pleasure: Instead, when students studied and wrote about male sexuality, they most often wrote about homosexuality or impotence.
Their theses on impotence were medico-legal studies in which they delineated the various ways a doctor could prove that a man was impotent for cases in which Cuban legal authorities needed medical proof and certification of impotence for a divorce case. Ironically, even when medical professionals discussed male impotence, they sometimes connected impotence to in Takaoka Slut frigidity. For example, in one case, Arce managed via some rather circular in Camaguey partner Sex to argue that female frigidity caused male impotence.
And don't you know that the sin will eventually punish the man? Even when Arce did blame males for their inattention to their sexual partners, he also linked female frigidity to the cause of male impotence. While male impotence may have been of little consequence according to medical professionals, it certainly weighed heavily on laymen's minds.
Despite medical professionals' lack of attention to the problem of male impotence, Cuban laymen did not hesitate to write Arce and Chelala about the issue. Arce almost always assured his audience that male impotence was easily overcome. For example, one reader wrote to Arce to confess that he had not yet been able in Camaguey partner Sex have sexual intercourse with his new wife due to his failure to achieve an erection.
Figure out a rational explanation in Camaguey partner Sex it and all will work out normally. Men did not voice the fear that due to their poor sexual performance their wives would abandon them.
They felt Cape Prostitute town in to seek pleasure for the sake in Camaguey partner Sex pleasure.